11 Unbelievable Facts about Cardboard Boxes!

Though amongst the simplest of inventions, these rarely unappreciated boxes play a vital role in our lives. Interestingly, they have made our lives much easier by easing transportation and making playtime more enjoyable for the kids. From transporting, packaging groceries to moving offices and homes, cardboards are vital in nearly all parts of our day to day lives.

Despite considering them as non-essential, cardboards are quite vital, play a vital role and surprisingly have a very rich history.

1. Cardboard City

The idea of cardboard city is some interactive and creative artworks. However, it is probably inspired by some real places in Europe.

It was an area of cardboard boxes where more than 200 people once lived between 1983 and 1998. It was located near Waterloo station in London just underneath the pedestrian underpasses under the Bullring roundabout.

It is the current site where the London IMAX cinema is located.

cardboard city

2. Did you know the cardboard box was an accident?

Back in 1879, the cardboard box was way ahead of its time. It might not seem so innovative in 2016, but back then it was beyond innovative.

Funny enough, it was a result of human error. A pressman sliced through and destroyed some 20,000 seeds bags. Through this Robert Gair spotted an opportunity to start a more efficient and prefabricated method of box creation.

To make the most of his invention, Gair later invented the machine to produce pre-cut cardboard boxes that were using flat pieces and could be folded together.

3. Peter Ryan’s Cardboard houses

Ever thought of living in a cardboard box? Well, as a kid, I would have done this, but with maturity, cardboard houses lose their allure. Well, you can live your childhood dream by purchasing one of Peter Ryan’s cardboard houses. Yes, you heard me right. Cardboard houses. A Melbourne architect, he designed a house majorly made of cardboards that could be used to temporarily house victims of natural disasters or as for those willing to be a bit adventurous.

4. The cardboard museum.

The French are quite proud of their role in the development of the cardboard box that they dedicated an entire museum to celebrate the history of the cardboard boxes and its production methods from the 19th century to the present. It is open all through the year and closed on Sunday and Tuesday mornings.

Known as the Musée du Cartonnage et de l’Imprimerie (Museum of the cardboard box), it is located in Valreas France.

5. Recycled

Most of the cardboard boxes in circulation are recycled. Buy a pack of biscuits and chances are it is packed in recycled cardboard. Want to move then there is a 70 % that those cardboards are recycled. This is quite commendable since it stops the destructions of forests. Close to 70% and only 30% are manufactured.

There are plenty of DIY projects that’s children do at school using cardboard boxes and learn how to make the best use of these recycled boxes. If you are interested in creating your own useful DIY and looking to buy customised packing boxes, then many manufacturers like https://www.echocartons.com.au are available to supply customised packing solutions in bulk.

Cardboard recycle

6. Protective gear

During the Second World War, the UK government used cardboard boxes to protect gas masks that were given to each citizen. The cardboard was preferred because it was more durable, easier to transport with and was easy to print on.

The inside of the cardboard contained instructions as to how to use the gas mask in case of a gas attack.

7. First company to use cardboards for packaging

It is common to have biscuits packed in cardboard boxes. It is nearly a routine, and anything other than cardboards seems like a wonder. Well, all this had a beginning and biscuit manufacturer Nabisco was the beginning of all this.

Nabisco was the first company to use cardboard boxes for packaging and popularised this method which was later picked up by other manufacturers and businesses.

8. Cardboard toys

Children have been playing with cardboards for quite a while now. Some use them for dress up games; others stack them together to build simple houses.

But, an interesting fact you did not know is that there is a simple cardboard toy in the national toy hall of fame.

cardboard toy

9. Made of three different layers

Most of us consider cardboards as non-essential and a product that will always be available. We overlook it so much that we have no idea how it is made.

The corrugated cardboard boxes are made of three layers of Kraft paper. Paper mills send out tonnes of Kraft paper to corrugating plants. Here, the middle layer is moulded and the top and bottom parts glued on later. It is then cut and folded into cardboard boxes.

10. Very cheap

Not just cheap, but very cheap. Cardboards are way cheaper than plastic containers, less harmful to the environment and thus the most preferred mode of packaging.

Just to emphasise how cheap they are, they make up only 1% of the value of goods stored/packed in them.

11. Invention

Robert Gair who is termed as the father of the cardboard, actually just put the finishing touches on the cardboard box. The cardboard has a richer history dating back to 105AD in China during the Han dynasty.

A government official Tsai Lun invented the paper which was used to wrap food. However, it was not until 1817 that British Industrialist Sir Malcolm Thornhill produced the first cardboard box from single cardboard sheets.

In 1856, the first cardboard product was patented. However, it was not a cardboard box but a lining to hats that were designed by two British inventors: Edward Allen and Edward Healey. It would be15 years until the corrugated paper was used commercially for shipping and packaging.

In 1871, a New York entrepreneur by the name Albert Jones won the patent to a single sided corrugated board as shipping material. He used it to wrap glasses for safe transport. Later on, in 1874, one Oliver long improved the cardboard by adding liner sheets on both sides of the cardboard. This simple innovation made cardboard stronger and more durable. During the same year, the first machine for mass production of double sided corrugated cardboard was built. After this, it was all up to Robert Gair to put the final touches on the cardboard box.

As you can see, the cardboard has one rich history and was once a breakthrough innovation. If you liked this piece, share. Otherwise, share your thoughts by leaving a comment below.

Continue Reading

Owning a Private Tuition Business in Australia

If you are exploring ways to augment your income through a home based business, home tutoring could be your best bet, provided you have what it takes to be successful in this service. The basic pre-requisites are appropriate education and the right attitude to be a teacher. Possibly you are already bringing some teaching experience to the table or have the ability to employ good teachers and manage the business. On that ground, let us examine how you can be successful as a tuition centre owner in Melbourne or elsewhere in Australia.

Do you qualify yourself or would you hire the teacher/s

Depending on your personal circumstances and ability to manage, you can start a tuition centre where you manage everything yourself or have other qualified people chipping in with help. However, experience has shown that most people start off as a one person enterprise and grow the business on the go. However, this requires that you are personally qualified and can manage all aspects of the business yourself.

What classes level should you offer tutoring?

Teaching younger children can be fun and relatively less stressful. Maybe, you have your kids of similar age. Thus, it is easier and might be more productive for you and engaging for your kids. But, when you decide to offer tuition for the higher classes, the demands concerning your ability to deliver, and manage grown up children are significantly different. At the higher levels, most children who seek tuition are low achievers, and some of them may even have typical difficulties. When you decide to offer your services for this segment of students, you should carefully evaluate your strengths and weaknesses before taking the plunge.

Choosing the subjects

Choosing subjects that you are fully qualified, confident and familiar with is the easiest way to decide what subjects you should offer for tutoring. For instance, if you are qualified in humanities, you will be more comfortable offering classes for English or social studies. Similarly, if you have a background in maths and science, you can tune into those areas. Also, if you have a postgraduate qualification, you can consider providing tuitions for college students and get them prepared for exams. While this is potentially high paying area, you should be tuned to work in a highly involved and competitive environment. Another way to look at this is finding highly competent professionals who can devote particular time across the day or week and compensate them appropriately. If you find this more convenient and prudent, you should be able to get an adequate number of students and take care of the administrative and management side of the business.

Starting on a lower scale and growing

Ideally, anyone starting a tutoring business or home tuition should aim at starting low and expanding gradually. This way, the entrepreneur can showcase his/ her skills and also test the waters with a lean strength. Some people may assume that they can handle the additional demand on time without impacting other tasks that they are engaged in. For instance, if you are already a teacher and set aside a time slot for tuitions, only to find that two months down under, your school/employers demand more time from you, or you face other hurdles. When you start with a lean strength, you will enjoy the leg room to manoeuvre such situations minimising the inconvenience to the students and for yourself. Anticipating such difficulties and creating a good network with other tutors in your local area will be a bright idea.

The size matters

As we said earlier, starting small is the ideal way for a beginner in this profession. Another advantage when you initiate on a low-key is that you could most probably use your home as the tuition centre saving a considerable amount of money in hiring a place. However, you must be able to set apart at least one room, free from all distractions like television, pets, sound from traffic, and interruption by other members of your family. Remember that you will have just about half a dozen children in the room, and you are expected to intimately evaluate their needs and guide them through the subjects for which you are tutoring.

Apart from this, you should have comfortable furniture for yourself and the kids. If you are using digital aids for the tuition, then you would need the necessary set up for that too. But, always remember to keep a pack of pens and other essential stationery close at hand since you will need it all the time.

Large scale centres

If you plan a large-scale centre right away, the whole plan changes radically, and the first thing you need is an appropriate space. If you have an additional property, you may be able to create the required space at an affordable cost since you can be a minimalist when it comes to the interiors. But, you will also have to include adequate washroom area and consider local regulations regarding the building structure as well as permissions required from local bodies to operate your centre. These requirements may differ from one place to the another.

Spreading the word and building your reputation

Once your home tutoring is set up, irrespective of the size, you need to spread the word around and get the students to enrol. Your connections with schools in your neighbourhood can play a crucial role, and if you also have affiliations with the teaching community, this can be another source of huge help. Good tutors are always in demand, and Australia or Melbourne is no exception. However, it is important that you have the adequate patience to build your business up and building your reputation to achieve that goal. Word of mouth advertisement is the best way to promote this business, and that should come from your students and their parents.

Remember – Punctuality is your biggest asset.

Continue Reading

Solar Panels: Making The World Better Place For Living With Renewable Energy

pump jack

Without any doubt, fossil fuels are still the sizable source of electricity production and the other smaller renewable methods like hydroelectric, wind and biomass are unable to emerge highly victorious in the electrical power industry. Solar energy technology, although, is one of the fossil fuel alternates that has recently seen a lot of booms. It is not wrong to claim that solar has lately started creating such a huge impact on a common man’s thinking as well as industrialists that worldwide power authorities are now speculating that this technology may out-compete other electricity sources shortly.With current technology, eurosolar is working on to make solar energy the world’s number one source of clean energy.

Producing electricity using PV cells is one of the most efficient ways of utilising immense amount of energy that sun radiates. Scientists claim that the energy received by the earth from the sun in 15 minutes is more than the combined yearly energy consumption of all humans. Although man has always tried to make use of this energy in one way or another, The concept of solar powered electricity thrived in 1950’s. A large solar panel was first set up in a space shuttle, and since then commercial usage has started. With the recent reduction in prices more and more people are getting interested in buying these panels, and the trend is inclining each day. Let us have a look at some statistics to prove the point.

The US has reported 41% spike in demand for solar power in past three years, making this technology second biggest source of electrical energy, not to mention the primary renewable energy source, in the world. Only in America, the demand at the domestic level has surged 60 percent lately resulting in the installation of tonnes of photovoltaic cells capable of producing gigawatts of energy. According to the field expert, these figures are expected to increase significantly in future years. The impact is so huge that the investors have started buying solar stocks as they are likely to show the notable increase in value over next few years.

Solar Power Demand

This change in trend has taken over the world by storm and caused a trade war between America, China and Europe. The only reason why solar technology could not flourish in the past was the installation and maintenance cost of a solar panel, but that has been considerably reduced as a result of multi-national competition at an industrial level. Only from 2008 to 2011, PV cells cost reduced 60% which is a clear indicator that this sector is lucrative for big industries. Moreover, the masses are now beginning to understand that how solar technology can help us protecting our environment by lowering down on emissions from burning fossils. Besides the developing countries like Bangladesh and India, westerners have also started significant deployments of solar panels, which are currently getting 7% cheaper every year.

china photovoltaics installed capacity

China is no doubt a great contributor to this industry and the government subsidised companies there have caused solar panel prices to go down considerably in past couple of years. According to American analysts, China is creating difficulties for American Solar business by offering cut-rate prices, but on the other hand, cheap China-made cells are assisting most of the Americans in going solar. China’s solar industry growth rate is mind-boggling, says many technical experts of US.

It would not be false to say that many solar power projects at national levels failed in the 1990s because of very high capital expenditures. Governments at that time didn’t realise that lowering operational costs alone do not guarantee the overall success of power projects. Many such projects halted in the planning phase and faced a lot of criticism from different industries. But the situation improved dramatically with the introduction of low-cost solar panels which enabled society to extend the blessing of electricity to the remote rural areas where the other methods would have failed. It is a heart-wrenching fact that still, more than 1.3 billion people in different countries don’t have access to electricity. This number was even higher a decade ago but thanks to scientists, engineers and aid workers for their tireless efforts in an installation of low-cost solar panels for the benefit of people living below poverty line. Keep on reading to know how solar energy has illuminated different areas of life across the globe.

Solar technology progressed extensively in past ten years, and now it offers many commercial and durable electronic products in developing, as well as, developed countries. Home appliances, transport systems and business products are now benefiting from small solar panels that can offer electricity on the go. One such example is a solar charger fitted inside a bag that prevents your battery from draining while you are travelling. These portable chargers can be outfitted inside a jacket or hat as well, thus allowing one to look fashionable and stylish while being always ready to cater power shortage issues. And oh yes, don’t forget solar powered calculators and wrist watches.

farming

Similarly, solar energy has improved the farming industry by helping in the creation of solar based water pumps and heating systems. The future of solar technology in agriculture is a lot more promising as farmers around the world are making efforts to make use of this technology to become more sustainable.

We, as a society, must also think about this immense source of energy that is not only cheaper, renewable but also safer for the environment. It is encouraging that scientists have even managed to increase the efficiency of a solar panel from 22% to 15% and further efforts are being made to enhance it even more. As the time is passing by, we see the gradual increase in the cost of traditional power. People are only putting to it because of low CapEx, although the time is not far away when the capital expenditure of solar energy setup will be overcome so much that folks will have no option but to adopt it. If solar is a right decision in the long run, why not to switch right now?

Continue Reading